Flux v1 vs v2 questions
What does Flux v2 mean for Flux?
Flux v1 is a monolithic do-it-all operator; Flux v2 separates the functionalities into specialized controllers, collectively called the GitOps Toolkit.
You can install and operate Flux v2 simply using the
You can easily pick and choose the functionality you need and extend it to serve your own purposes.
We went through the following steps for our community:
- Put Flux v1 into maintenance mode (no new features being added; bugfixes and CVEs patched only).
- Continued work on the Flux v2 roadmap.
- We provided transition guides for specific user groups, e.g. users of Flux v1 in read-only mode, or of Helm Operator v1, etc. once the functionality was integrated into Flux v2 and it’s deemed “ready”.
- Once the use-cases of Flux v1 were covered, we promised to continue supporting Flux v1 for 6 months.
- We finally archived Flux Legacy and Helm Operator.
Why did you rewrite Flux?
Flux v2 implements its functionality in individual controllers, which allowed us to address long-standing feature requests much more easily.
By basing these controllers on modern Kubernetes tooling (
they can be dynamically configured with Kubernetes custom resources either by cluster admins
or by other automated tools – and you get greatly increased observability.
This gave us the opportunity to build Flux v2 with the top Flux v1 feature requests in mind:
- Supporting multiple source Git repositories
- Operational insight through health checks, events and alerts
- Multi-tenancy capabilities, like applying each source repository with its own set of permissions
On top of that, testing the individual components and understanding the codebase becomes a lot easier.
What are significant new differences between Flux v1 and Flux v2?
|Limited to a single Git repository
|Multiple Git repositories
|Declarative config via arguments in the Flux deployment
GitRepository custom resource, which produces an artifact which can be reconciled by other controllers
HEAD of Git branches
|Supports Git branches, pinning on commits and tags, follow SemVer tag ranges
|Suspending of reconciliation by downscaling Flux deployment
|Reconciliation can be paused per resource by suspending the
|Credentials config via Arguments and/or Secret volume mounts in the Flux pod
|Credentials config per
GitRepository resource: SSH private key, HTTP/S username/password/token, OpenPGP public keys
|Ignoring resources with
fluxcd.io/ignore: "true" annotation
|Ignoring resources with
kustomize.toolkit.fluxcd.io/reconcile: disabled annotation
|Declarative config through
.flux.yaml files in the Git repository
|Declarative config through a
Kustomization custom resource, consuming the artifact from the GitRepository
|Manifests are generated via shell exec and then reconciled by
|Generation, server-side validation, and reconciliation is handled by a specialised
|Reconciliation using the service account of the Flux deployment
|Support for service account impersonation
|Garbage collection needs cluster role binding for Flux to query the Kubernetes discovery API
|Garbage collection needs no cluster role binding or access to Kubernetes discovery API
|Support for custom commands and generators executed by fluxd in a POSIX shell
|No support for custom commands
|Declarative config in a single Helm custom resource
|Declarative config through
HelmRelease custom resources
|Chart synchronisation embedded in the operator
|Extensive release configuration options, and a reconciliation interval per source
|Support for fixed SemVer versions from Helm repositories
|Support for SemVer ranges for
|Git repository synchronisation on a global interval
|Planned support for charts from GitRepository sources
|Limited observability via the status object of the HelmRelease resource
|Better observability via the HelmRelease status object, Kubernetes events, and notifications
|Resource heavy, relatively slow
|Chart changes from Git sources are determined from Git metadata
|Chart changes must be accompanied by a version bump in
Chart.yaml to produce a new artifact
Notifications, webhooks, observability
|Emits “custom Flux events” to a webhook endpoint
|Emits Kubernetes events for included custom resources
|RPC endpoint can be configured to a 3rd party solution like FluxCloud to be forwarded as notifications to e.g. Slack
|Flux v2 components can be configured to POST the events to a
notification-controller endpoint. Selective forwarding of POSTed events as notifications using
Alert custom resources.
|Webhook receiver is a side-project
|Webhook receiver, handling a wide range of platforms, is included
|Structured logging for all components
|Custom Prometheus metrics
|Generic / common
controller-runtime Prometheus metrics
Are there any breaking changes?
- In Flux v1 Kustomize support was implemented through
.flux.yamlfiles in the Git repository. As indicated in the comparison table above, while this approach worked, we found it to be error-prone and hard to debug. The new Kustomization CR should make troubleshooting much easier. Unfortunately we needed to drop the support for custom commands as running arbitrary shell scripts in-cluster poses serious security concerns.
- Helm users: we redesigned the
HelmReleaseAPI and the automation will work quite differently, so upgrading to
HelmReleasev2 will require a little work from you, but you will gain more flexibility, better observability and performance.
Is the GitOps Toolkit related to the GitOps Engine?
In an announcement in August 2019, the expectation was set that the Flux project would integrate the GitOps Engine, then being factored out of ArgoCD. Since the result would be backward-incompatible, it would require a major version bump: Flux v2.
After experimentation and considerable thought, we (the maintainers) have found a path to Flux v2 that we think better serves our vision of GitOps: the GitOps Toolkit. In consequence, we do not now plan to integrate GitOps Engine into Flux.
How can I get involved?
There are a variety of ways and we look forward to having you on board building the future of GitOps together:
- Discuss the direction of Flux v2 with us
- Join us in #flux-dev on the CNCF Slack
- Check out our contributor docs
- Take a look at the roadmap for Flux v2